While Tristan da Cunha is famed for its birdlife, its isolated position means it has an interesting array of marine life, plant life and land invertebrates.
Vegetation zones on Tristan da Cunha island.


The Tristan da Cunha group's varied terrain supports pasture, lowland tussock grass, fern bush, Phylica woodland, grass slopes, and sparsely vegetated ash slopes.

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Empetrum rubrum tristanitorum


Tristan da Cunha hosts just 85 or so native flowering plant or fern species, but almost half of those, about 37, are found nowhere else in the world.

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Jasus tristani or Crayfish

Marine Life

The waters around the Tristan islands team with numerous species of fish and invertebrates, of which the Crayfish is harvested commercially.

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Shepherd's Beaked Whale - Tasmacetus shepherdi

Whales and Dolphins

Details of species of Cetacea (whales and dolphins) that have been observed around the Tristan da Cunha Islands.

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Fur Seals


Two species of seals breed in the Tristan group: subantarctic fur seals and southern elephant seals.

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